Distributed Fair Auto Rate Medium Access Control for IEEE 802.11 Based WLANs

IEICE Trans. on Comm., Vol.E91-B, No.3, 2008
Published Date:2008-03-01
Much research has shown that a carefully designed auto rate medium access control can utilize the underlying physical multi-rate capability to exploit the time-variation of channel. In this paper, we develop a simple analytical model to investigate the rule maximizing the throughput of RTS/CTS based multi-rate wireless local area networks. Based on the obtained rule, we propose two distributed fair auto rate medium access control schemes called FARM and FARM+ from the viewpoint of throughput fairness and time-share fairness, respectively. With the proposed schemes, after receiving a RTS frame, the receiver selectively returns the CTS frame to inform the transmitter the maximum feasible rate probed by the signal-to-noise ratio of the received RTS frame. The key feature of the proposed schemes is that they are capable of maintaining throughput/timeshare fairness in asymmetric situation where the distribution of SNR varies with stations. Extensive simulation results show that the proposed schemes outperform the existing throughput/timeshare fair auto rate schemes in time-varying channel conditions.
Auto rate, wireless LANs, medium access control, time-varying channel

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