On Optimal Physical Carrier Sensing: Theoretical Analysis and Protocol Design

Proc. of Infocom 2007
Published Date:2007-05-06
Traditional Physical Carrier Sensing (PCS), which aims at eliminating hidden terminals in wireless networks, causes too many exposed terminals and deteriorates the throughput per user seriously. Some existing work has proven that an aggressive PCS can improve the throughput by balancing the tradeoff between hidden terminals and exposed terminals. However, little work has been conducted to optimize the PCS according to the network conditions. In this paper, we develop an analytical model to study the behaviors of a user in the aggressive PCS scenario, with which the optimal PCS threshold can be derived. Then, to avoid the complicated computation, we present a heuristic algorithm, in which the parameters required for PCS tuning are estimated by the carrier sensing mechanism employed in IEEE 802.11. Simulation results show that the proposed heuristic algorithm can make the PCS threshold approach to the theoretical optimal one. Moreover, the proposed heuristic algorithm can obtain significant throughput gain compared to the traditional PCS threshold setting solutions.

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