SOURCE IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL, Vol: 6 No: 2 pp: 3885-3898
Published Date: APR 2019
In a typical Internet of Things (IoT) application where a central controller collects status updates from multiple terminals, e.g., sensors and monitors, through a wireless multiaccess uplink, an important problem is how to attain timely status updates autonomously. In this paper, the timeliness of the status is measured by the recently proposed age-of-information (AoI) metric; both the theoretical and practical aspects of the problem are investigated: we aim to obtain a scheduling policy with minimum AoI and, meanwhile, requires little signaling exchange overhead. Toward this end, we first consider the set of arrivalindependent and renewal policies; the optimal policy thereof to minimize the time-average AoI is proved to be a round-robin policy with one-packet (latest packet only and others are dropped) buffers (RR-ONE). The optimality is established based on a generalized Poisson-arrival-see-time-average theorem. It is further proved that RR-ONE is asymptotically optimal among all policies in the massive IoT regime. The AoI steady-state stationary distribution under RR-ONE is also derived. An implementation scheme of RR-ONE is proposed which can accommodate dynamic terminal appearances with little overhead. In addition, considering scenarios where packets cannot be dropped, a Lyapunov optimization-based max-AoI-weight policy is proposed which achieves better performance compared with state-of-the-art.