SOURCE IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 67 No: 7 pp: 4811-4824
Published Date: JUL 2019
The high density and heterogeneous mobility of users in many applications pose challenges for the channel acquisition in massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems. For such scenarios, we propose an intermittent channel estimation (ICE) scheme to save pilot resources, which utilizes the aged channel state information (CSI) based on the temporal correlations of user channels. The optimal CSI update pattern to maximize the achievable sum rate is obtained by solving a formulated multichain Markov decision process (MDP), which is denoted by ICE-MDP. Furthermore, to reduce the computational complexity of the MDP, we relax the constraint of the CSI update pattern design problem and convert it into a convex optimization problem, whose solution is denoted by ICE-CVX. The simulations validate the close-to-optimal performance and the computational efficiency of ICE-CVX and show that the ICE scheme can significantly outperform a conventional scheme which persistently updates the CSI of all users.