Energy-Optimal Probabilistic Base Station Sleeping under a Separation Network Architecture

Globecom 2014
Published Date:2014-12-8
To further improve energy efficiency from the view of the whole network, a separation architecture has been proposed, where the control plane and data plane are separated and implemented by different base stations. Under this architecture, the data base stations (DBS) can be turned off adaptively according to the traffic load while signaling base stations (SBS) provide the guarantee of coverage. A key issue of this architecture is the design of effective BS sleeping mechanisms, which should guarantee the quality of service (QoS) while minimize network energy consumption. In this paper, a probabilistic DBS sleeping mechanism is proposed and optimized under the separation architecture. Users within the sleeping DBSs are offloaded to SBSs for QoS guarantee. An optimization problem is formulated, where the sleeping probability and spectrum resource allocation are jointly optimized to minimize network power consumption. The optimal BS sleeping scheme is found to be threshold-based. When the ratio of sleeping DBSs is below a certain threshold which depends on the traffic load, the lightly-loaded DBSs should be turned off first; otherwise, only the heavily loaded DBSs goes into sleep. Numerical results show about 30% energy can be saved under a typical daily traffic profile, and there exists a tradeoff between energy saving and network capacity.

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